Leukemia News -- ScienceDaily

 

leukemia articles

Nov 02,  · Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. Get the facts on leukemia (cancer of the bone marrow, blood) symptoms, survival rates, diagnosis, causes, signs, types (acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia), research, treatment information, prognosis, and side effects. In this trial, patients with hairy cell leukemia who have disease-related symptoms that require treatment, and who have not been treated or have had only one prior treatment with cladribine, will be randomly assigned to receive cladribine with either concurrent rituximab or rituximab at least 6 months after completing cladribine therapy. In acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia, there are too many of specific types of white blood cells called lymphocytes or lymphoblasts. ALL is the most common type of cancer in children.


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia | Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia | MedlinePlus


For full functionality, it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Healthline Media, leukemia articles, Inc.

Any data you provide will be primarily stored and processed in the United States, pursuant to the laws of the United States, which may leukemia articles lesser privacy protections than European Economic Area countries. Learn more in our Privacy Policy. We use cookies and similar technologies to improve your browsing experience, personalize content and offers, show targeted ads, analyze traffic, and better understand you. We may share leukemia articles information with third-party partners for marketing purposes.

To learn more and make choices about data use, visit our Advertising Policy and Privacy Policy. Enter your email address to subscribe to our most top categories, leukemia articles. To leukemia articles, simply complete the form below, and a link to the article will be sent by email on your behalf. Note: Please don't include any URLs in your comments, as they will be removed upon submission, leukemia articles.

We do not store details you enter into this form. Please see our privacy policy for more information. Click here to return to the Medical News Today home page. It is most likely to affect people over the age of 55 years, but it is also the most common cancer in those aged under 15 years.

In the United States, 62, people are expected to receive a diagnosis of leukemia inand around 24, deaths will likely be due to this disease. Leukemia happens when the DNA of immature blood cells, mainly white cells, becomes damaged in some way.

Healthy blood cells die after a while and are replaced by new cells, which are produced in the bone marrow. As more cancer cells are produced, they stop the healthy white blood cells from growing and functioning normally, by crowding out space in the blood, leukemia articles. Genetic predisposition : Some people appear to have a higher risk of developing leukemia because of a fault in one or several genes. Down syndrome : People with Down syndrome appear to have a higher risk, possibly due to certain chromosomal changes.

It has been suggested that exposure to electromagnetic energy might be linked leukemia articles leukemia, but there is not enough evidence to confirm this.

There are various types of leukemia, and they affect people differently. Treatment options will depend on the type of leukemia and the person's age and overall state of health.

Progress in medicine means that treatment can now aim for complete remission, where the cancer goes away completely for at least 5 years after treatment.

Inthe chances of surviving for 5 years or more after receiving a diagnosis of leukemia were Bythis figure had risen to The main type of treatment is chemotherapy. This will be tailored to the type of cancer a patient has. Chemotherapy can affect the leukemia articles body, but targeted therapy is aimed at a specific part of the cancer cell. Some types of chronic leukemia do not need treatment in the early stages, but monitoring is essential.

The oncologist may suggest watchful waiting with frequent doctor's visits. For leukemia articles type of leukemia known as chronic myeloid leukemia CMLa bone marrow transplant may be effective.

Younger patients are more likely to undergo transplantation successfully. They may include :. Leukemia can be divided into four main groups, leukemia articles. These groups distinguish acute, chronic, lymphocytic, leukemia articles myelogenous leukemia. In acute leukemia immature, leukemia articles, useless cells develop rapidly and collect in the marrow and blood.

They are squeezed out of the bone marrow too early and are not functional. Lymphocytic leukemia occurs if the cancerous changes affect the type of bone marrow that makes lymphocytes.

A lymphocyte is a kind leukemia articles white blood cell that plays a role in the immune system. Myelogenous leukemia happens when the changes affect the type of marrow cells leukemia articles go on to produce red blood cells, other types of white cells, leukemia articles, and leukemia articles. Also known as acute lymphoblastic leukemiathis is the most common type of leukemia among young children.

It can also affect adults, especially after the age of 65 years. Among children, the 5-year survival rate is higher than 85 percent. This is most common among adults over 55 years, but younger adults can also have it. It is the most common type of leukemia in adults, leukemia articles, and it rarely affects children.

It is more common in men than in women. A person with CLL has an 82 percent of surviving 5 years after diagnosis. It develops quickly, and symptoms include fever, difficulty breathing, and pain in the joints. Environmental factors can trigger it. CML mostly affects adults, leukemia articles. According to the National Cancer Institute, the 5-year survival rate is However, many people with CML have a gene mutation that responds to targeted leukemia articles therapy, called Gleevec, or imatinib.

For those people whose cancer is susceptible to Gleevec, the 5-year survival rate can be up to 90 percent. Poor blood clotting : Immature white blood cells crowd out platelets, which are crucial for blood clotting. This can cause a person to bruise or bleed easily and heal slowly. They may also develop petechiae, small red to leukemia articles spots on the body, indicating a minor hemorrhage.

Frequent infections : The white blood cells are crucial for fighting off infection. If these are suppressed or not working properly, frequent infections can result. The immune system may attack other good body cells.

Anemia : As the shortage of good red blood cells grows, anemia can result. This can involve difficult or labored breathing and pale skin. Other symptoms : There may be nausea, fever, leukemia articles, chills, night sweats, flu-like symptoms, weight loss, leukemia articles, leukemia articles pain, and tiredness. If the liver or spleen becomes enlarged the person may feel full and will eat less, resulting in weight loss.

Weight loss can also occur even without an enlarged liver or spleen. Headache may indicate that the cancerous cells have invaded the central nervous system CNS. These can all be symptoms of other illnesses. Tests are needed to confirm a diagnosis of leukemia. A doctor will carry out a physical examination and ask about personal and family medical history.

They will check for signs of anemia and feel for an enlarged liver or spleen. If the doctor suspects leukemia, they may suggest a bone marrow test. Bone marrow is taken, usually from the hip, using a long, fine needle. This can help to show which kind of leukemia, leukemia articles, leukemia articles any, is present. All patients who experience remission will need to undergo regular monitoring, leukemia articles, including blood tests and possible bone marrow tests, to ensure the cancer has not returned, leukemia articles.

If the leukemia does not return, the doctor may decide, over time, to reduce the frequency of the tests. Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Mon 27 November Visit our Leukemia category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our leukemia articles to receive the latest updates on Leukemia. All references are available in the References tab. Cancer stat facts: Leukemia. Hutter, J. Childhood leukemia. Pediatrics In Review, 31 6 Leukemia patient version, leukemia articles.

Leukemia in children. Tests and diagnosis. MLA Nordqvist, Christian. MediLexicon, Intl. APA Nordqvist, C. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.

Privacy Terms Ad policy Careers. Visit www. All rights reserved, leukemia articles. More Sign up for our newsletter Discover in-depth, condition specific articles written by our in-house team. Search Go. Please accept our privacy terms We use cookies and similar technologies to improve your browsing experience, leukemia articles content and offers, show targeted ads, analyze traffic, and better understand you. Scroll to Accept. Get the MNT newsletter.

 

Leukemia Articles

 

leukemia articles

 

In this trial, patients with hairy cell leukemia who have disease-related symptoms that require treatment, and who have not been treated or have had only one prior treatment with cladribine, will be randomly assigned to receive cladribine with either concurrent rituximab or rituximab at least 6 months after completing cladribine therapy. Recent Leukemia Research Articles Recently published articles from Leukemia Research. Real-world epidemiology, treatment patterns and survival of multiple myeloma patients in a . Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow in which the body produces abnormal white blood cells. This eMedTV article offers an overview of leukemia, including information about types of the disease, its symptoms, and its treatment.